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11 May 2020 by Air-lux
In 2018, over 4.3 billion people flew on commercial flights globally, there are around 100,000 scheduled flights every day. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport employs over 63,000 people. The sheer size and scale of large airports make security a big challenge, and in particular, simply being able to reliably identify staff, contractors, and passengers requires robust systems and processes.
The biggest risk of mistakes being made regarding the identification of individuals will always be when there is a human element to the decision. There are many biometric solutions on the market that provide reliable identification of people without the need for human validation. In this article, we will look at some of the ways biometric systems can be installed to reduce costs, mitigate risk and increase efficiency in airports.
The most critical point of access between public areas and airside (beyond passport and cutoms control). This boundary needs to be strictly controlled and only authorised personnel should be able to move airside. Traditional access control systems rely heavily on RFID readers and PINs. These methods of identification have associated risks. Cards/fobs can be lost or stolen; PINs can be compromised or shared between individuals. A biometric access control system eliminates this risk. When authorisation is based on a reliable biometric identification, there is no need for cards or PINs, the person seeking authorisation must be physically present because the decision to grant access is based on their physical characteristics, such as their fingerprint, iris or face.
Access to Sensitive Areas
Access control is often compared to the layers of an onion. When you move from one area to another, another layer is relieved. Usually, the closer to the centre you get, the higher the security requirements and the fewer the number of people will be allowed access. The TBS infrastructure allows for different types of devices to be installed and managed under one platform. Although the 'outer layers' of a site are usually less sensitive, they are usually accessed by the highest number of people. Conversely, when you get closer to the centre of operations, the number of people with access rights will reduce but the risk of granting the wrong person access significantly increases. Therefore, the priority should be installing a device capable of liveness detection and the most robust form of biometric identification.
The TBS 3D TERMINAL and 2D EYE provide extremely accurate and consistent biometric identification. They are contactless and very simple to use. When there is no compromise on security, think TBS!
Staff Time and Attendance
With so many people working in airports, it is important to keep staff costs within budget. It is widely recognised by the industry that introducing a time and attendance system can reduce payroll costs by as much as 3-5%. As with access control readers, traditional time and attendance solutions rely on card/fob-based RFID readers. This type of identification assumes that the card/fob is being presented to the reader by the 'owner', which means that buddy punching is easy to achieve by simply asking a co-worker to use your card. A biometric solution from TBS completely eliminates this possibility.
Know the whereabouts of your personnel and contractors. Large airports contain miles upon miles of corridors and walkways leading to thousands of restricted areas. In the event of an emergency, it is critical to have real-time access to data regarding the whereabouts of people. As a person is identified and processed from one area to another, their location and direction of travel (in or out) is recorded. This information can be used to generate reports of the last known location of individuals in the event of an emergency.
For high-security areas, access control readers alone cannot stop people from tailgating, the process of following an authorised person through a restricted access door. TBS readers can be installed in turnstiles and airlocks which physically restrict the flow of individuals. As an alternative to this method, TBS is integrated with one of the most reliable anti-tailgate solutions available (TBS 3D Tailgate). This sensor is mounted in close proximity to the biometric reader and will ensure that only the person who was identified goes through the access point. If the sensor detects that more than one person, or that a different person, attempts to pass through the door, the sensor can send an alarm signal or a signal to prevent a door from being open.
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